Skin tone is a term that describes how much you’re able to distinguish between different types of skin.
It refers to the shade of your skin, how dark or light you are, the way your skin absorbs and distributes sunscreens, the colour of your hair, and even how much of your face is exposed to the sun.
We’re not talking about your skin tone here, but rather how much skin you’re exposed to, as it affects how your skin reacts to sunlight.
Skin tone is often associated with skin cancer, but research has found that the true risk of skin cancer isn’t always as great as we might think.
The National Cancer Institute found that in 2016, just over 10% of women who had undergone mastectomy and/or irradiation had developed skin cancer.
It’s a very difficult disease to diagnose, but there are many factors that can contribute to its development.
One of the most important factors is how your body reacts to the types of sunscreen you have, and how it reacts to ultraviolet light.
There are a few ways you can tell whether you have sun damage, according to Dr David Gower from the University of Bristol.
Firstly, there are several ways in which your skin responds to sunlight, such as the skin cells in your skin cells.
They release the hormones melatonin, vasopressin and calcitriol.
These hormones help regulate the rate at which your body converts melanin into vitamin D. If you’ve got a lot of melatonin production, you’ll be more likely to develop sun damage.
Secondly, the skin’s cells are very sensitive to UV light.
They respond to UV radiation differently depending on how much melanin is in your melanocytes.
In the skin, melanocytes are made up of cells that produce melanin, and they’re highly sensitive to the ultraviolet radiation they receive.
If you have a lot more melanin in your cells, you’re more likely not to develop skin damage.
Thirdly, if you have high levels of melanin cells, they may also respond to sunlight differently.
You’re more susceptible to sun damage if you live in an area with higher concentrations of these melanin-producing cells.
Finally, you have more melanocytes in your eyes and skin that may respond differently to the UV radiation coming from the sun, depending on your skin type.
This means that if you’re not able to see, smell, feel or see much of the sun in your environment, your skin may be more susceptible than normal to sundamage.
But while the exact cause of sun damage isn’t fully understood, the good news is that it doesn’t have to be that way.
Research has also found that if your skin has a higher proportion of melanocytes that produce vitamin D, your risk of developing sun damage may be reduced.
How do you know if you’ve had sun damage?
When your skin’s response to sunlight is higher than normal, there may be evidence of sundamage on your body.
This means that your skin is more sensitive to sunlight than normal.
These signs may be obvious to you or they may not be, but you can still spot them if you know what you’re looking for.
The most obvious signs of sunburn are the reddish patches on your arms, arms and face that may appear in the summer, or if your complexion looks dry.
Alternatively, you may also notice a dry or patchy appearance on your neck or back.
However, it’s also possible that you may not notice these signs, and your skin won’t respond to the same level of sun exposure that it would normally.
While it’s important to know how sun damage works, there’s still a lot you can do to protect yourself from sun damage that you can’t predict.
Some tips for preventing sun damage If sun damage is not visible to you, you can help to protect your skin by keeping your skin moisturised.
It’s important that you use sunscreen regularly.
The more sunscreen you use, the less you’ll need to wear it.
Apply sunscreen to your whole body as a daily routine.
If it’s cloudy or unevenly distributed, you might not be able to apply sunscreen to all parts of your body because your skin doesn’t react to the sunscreen as well.
Keep your skin well moisturised by applying moisturiser to your face, neck, legs, hands, arms, and underarms every day.
You should also keep your body warm by keeping it at a warm temperature.
Drinking plenty of water is a good way to prevent sun damage and sunburn.
Water also contains keratin, which is a tough protein that can help protect your body from UV damage.
It can also help you prevent sunburn and sun damage by blocking the sun’s rays.
Avoid sunscowers and UV bulbs Source: New Scientist article What you need to know about